• Live updates - 7th NLUO IMAM 2020

7th National Law University Odisha Bose & Mitra & Co. International Maritime Moot 2020- Live update

Updated: Aug 23, 2020

Virtual Oral Rounds - 20th August 2020 - 23rd August 2020

The National Law University Odisha welcome you to the Virtual Oral Rounds of 7th Bose & Mitra & Co. International Maritime Arbitration Moot (IMAM) 2020, organised in association with the Institute of International Shipping and Trade Law, Swansea University, United Kingdom.

The moot is soon to begin and we are here to keep you updated on exactly what is going on! You can also follow us on Instagram, Twitter and Facebook for more insights. Wishing the best to all the participating teams!

20th AUGUST 2020




VCR-1: [723 (C) v 725 (R)]

VCR 1 updates begin!

10:03: Speaker 1 of team 723 begins. She seems calm and composed. She begins with explaining the facts.

10:13: The speaker 1 goes on very smoothly with her submissions. She is able to answer the questions very tactfully.

10:15: The judges seem satisfied with the speaker as she argues her way through the issues.

10:19: The Speaker 1 ends her arguments. No further questions are asked. The judges now look forward to listen to Speaker 2 of team 723

10:29: The speaker 2 gets lucky as no judge grills him and he swiftly puts forward his arguments.

10:33: It’s now time for Team 725 to put forward their submissions. Speaker 1 starts. She fumbles a bit initially but then picks up her pace!

10:53: Speaker 1 ends on a satisfactory note, with minimal grilling. The floor is now open for the Speaker 2.

11:03: The judge interrupts the flow of Speaker 2 . He questions the ability of the owner to escape the said liability. The Speaker takes her time and answers the question gracefully, without getting nervous. The judge interrupts her again and asks follow-up questions. The speaker fumbles a bit and answers hoping that it satisfies the judge. She seems unsure whether the judge has bought the answer!

11:16: The Speaker ends with the prayer. It’s now time for rebuttals! The claimant Speaker 2 shoots his arguments towards the respondents!

11:17: The respondents brace themselves to sur-rebut. They look confident!

11:20: The claimants seem to be in a flow with their rebuttals! They seem to have a lot of never- ending concerns. The judge has to finally interrupt the speaker to end the rebuttals.

11:30:The first round concludes right on time! Interesting and a satisfactory round in all!

VCR-2: [712 (C) v 717 (R)]

10:05 Round 1: Fact check- The Judge asks the first claimant speaker whether the malfunctioning element was the container or the vessel

10:22: C S2 tries to establish sufficiency of notice through the impugned correspondence based on 3 conditions laid in precedent

10:33: Ticking Tim- With 2 minutes left for the speaker’s allotted time, the C S2 is asked to read a clause and restructure his entire argument.

10:38: C S2 raises the ears of judges when he admits that their vessel was defective. Judges seek confirmation.

10:52: Judges grill R S1 on their due diligence measures, S1 struggles to convince that they’ve fulfilled their obligation to repair

11:11: The bench grows skeptical when the R S2 contends that notice provisions are optional and not a stipulation for the charterers.

VCR-3: [718 (C) v 702 (R)]

11:35: 718 C (S1): speaker speaks with utmost confidence and is explaining everything slowly (considering the online platform) He lays down all the issues and laws in a summary form. Other teammates listen on and respondents take notes.

11:42: Speaker knows his written submissions and case laws and is making judges take note of the same from their compendium.

11:45: A pretty cold bench! No questions?! 5 minutes left for the speaker 1 to present the arguments. Judges listening and taking notes, but no questions.

11:47: Speaker 1 ends well within time. Judge 1, not so cold anymore, starts to question. Speaker 1 takes the first question head on.

11:49: Speaker 2 begins. The stance of Speaker 2 is more calm and voice low than the Speaker 1. He too, like Speaker 1 lays down the issues and begins.

11:52: Courtroom seems pretty calm. Judges listen intently, however, still no questions! Researcher intently looks into all the notes and information. Speaker 2 makes judges take note of case laws in the compendium in a calm and soft demeanor explaining everything.

11:58: 5 minutes left. Speaker 2 raises a point putting respondents on their feet looking into their memos!

12:01: One minute left, counsel seeks extension to conclude his arguments. He puts forth the summary of all arguments emphasizing on the important words the judges should pay heed to.

12:05: Judges have no questions! Bench as cold as ever. But considering the interest shown in the arguments, maybe not so cold in perspective after all.

12:05: 702 R (S1): Jumps right into arguing that claimant's arguments have no standing! Confidence and affirmation audible, but not visible. Speaker seems to read through the memo and notes.

12:14: Brrr, is it cold! Speaker 1 of the respondent's reads through the memo. Claimant's researcher is charged with weaponry to rebut the charges of the Respondent's. Judge asks to clarify the jurisdiction points. Respondent 1 replies in full speed.

12:22: Counsel 2 starts in as a calm manner as Council 2 of the Claimants. Judges ask a factual question, Respondent goes on to explain the technicalities well.

12:26: Judges are alive! Technical Maritime questions are being thrown.

12:27: Judges catch the Respondent's arguments of buck passing. The arguments are on. Respondent Speaker 2 goes into explaining the reports and establishing itself as free of their liability

12:33: Respondent 2 seeks 1 minute extension to wrap up. The same stance of calm and composure as it was before seems to have been lost and respondent rushes to finish up her arguments. Meanwhile, claimants seem to be pretty calm waiting to charge on first command

12:36: Rebuttals begin. Judges give 1 minute relief

12:36: Claimants are on a roll. Respondent failed to establish the law, Respondent relies on cases not relevant. Respondent limits liability to which the applicable law does not apply. One has to look at the relevant documents together when enforcing the law. Respondent goes on a different tangent and "misled the tribunal". Claimants lashing out at full force.

12:39: Claimant is charged up and wants to speak everything in the limited time frame.


12:40: Questions revolve around the technical arguments of the Claimant and the judges are asked to note the Case Study. While the Claimant had hit hard on their legal approach, the Respondent is not shy to target their technical arguments. 

12:44: The Respondent question claimant's rebuttal on using the wrong law and responds by stating that it is an arbitration tribunal. The idea is to come to a fruitful conclusion and reference is not wrong.

12:47: The Round ends. Judges’ Caucus begins.

VCR-4: [704 (C) v 711 (R)]

10:11: The respondents and the claimants had a discussion as to who will go first, since one of the sides had also mentioned a procedural issue in their memorandum

10:11: However, they mutually decide that the traditional format will be followed and the claimants will go first.

10:17: 4 minutes into the round and the judges have begun the grilling session. Speaker doesn't look comfortable with pinpoint queries and offers vague answers which the judges are not buying

10:23: The judges let the speaker get into flow, only to throw another question that leaves the participant guessing.

10:29 Speaker 2 is confident, clear and concise in his submissions

10:30: Judges seem content so far, though it looks unlikely that the hot bench will let him go without questions.

10:32: The hot bench continues its grilling streak.

10:37 Another set of questions on point of law are thrown, the speaker wisely answers, dodges, and proceeds.

10:54: The first speaker from the respondents side looks comfortable and confident. She's trying to cool down the hot bench, taking her time and delivering her speech clearly and in a very polite manner.

11:02: The speaker is well versed with the problem and is able to assist the judges on every query

11:02: However, the judges don't seem fully content.

11:07: Speaker 1's precise and clearly delivered arguments come to an end. Her submissions and polite conduct seemed to have satisfied the judges to an extent.

11:11: Speaker 2 from the respondents side looks to establish his case beyond doubt, only to be thwarted by a logical fallacy in his submission. An explanation followed, however the judges explicitly registered their discontent and told the counsel to proceed with his other submissions.

11:18: In his concluding submission the respondent looks to have cancelled out the previous discontentment of the tribunal.

11:19: A very interesting timeline was pointed out, which the judges seemed to be impressed with.

11:23: An evenly contested proceedings come to an end, the tribunal seems to have their work cut out.


VCR-1: [713 (C) v 719 (R)]

14:17: The Speaker from the claimants begin with her submissions. She begins very confidently, but little does she know she’ll be interrupted by the judges in the 2nd minute of her submission.

The judges are very confident with their counter questions and are not at all satisfied with what the speaker has to say for it.

To quote, “No speaker, we won’t accept this, unless you can prove or provide other documents in its support “

“Is it inadvertent or are you trying to hide it from us?” This line by a judge baffles the speaker and the courtroom!

14:45: “We have already told you that unless you provide any other document, we will not proceed”. Yet another argument rejected by the Judge.

The speaker is having a hard time proceeding with her submissions. The tension can be seen in the faces of her teammates, but it is commendable how well the Speaker is dealing with such a hot bench. She’s composed.

14:27- Just 3 minutes left for the speaker, but the Speaker has not been able to start with her planned submissions, considering she is being continuously grilled from the very beginning!

14:29- The speaker seeks extension of time from the judges. Judges grant her 3 minutes to wrap her arguments.

Speaker, “Should I stick to my second issue and wrap it up?”

Judge, “We’ve given you 3 minutes, counsel. Argue as you wish”

14:34: The time is up for Speaker 1. She tries for an extension, but sadly the judges are curt and don’t allow her the same.

14:35: The Speaker 2 starts, obviously a little nervous considering how his Co-Counsel was just grilled. His nervousness is justified as the same thing happens with him! 30 seconds to the speech, he is interrupted. “That’s a self serving statement, counsel. Where is the evidence?”

14:48: Judge- “I’m asking you a simple question counsel, where is it mentioned in the survey report?”

Speaker- “It’s not explicitly mentioned in the report, Sir”

J- “If it’s not EXPLICITLY mentioned, then how can you claim it, Counsel?”

S- “It is mentioned in the report, Sir”

J- “Counsel, you just told that it’s not mentioned. What do you want to say?”

S- “Mr Arbitrator, it’s mentioned in the summary of the survey report, and not in the report itself “

A sigh of relief from the speaker as he somehow collects himself and resumes.

15:04: The Respondents have the floor now! They’ve probably taken notes on how to deal with the bench by seeing the Claimants. The Speaker 1 starts and her speech is relatively less interrupted. She’s confident and insistent.

15:28: The judges just don’t stop grilling.

“EXACTLY our point, counsel. The fact that the issue has arisen, this shows the fault in part of the owners to take care and repair the vessel. Unless, you can give us any other explanation for the same, we would like to reason it this way.”

15:48: The judges don’t let the claimants breathe during the rebuttals as well! It seems like they are basically countering on behalf of the respondents!

15:51: “Just like the bananas have been rotten, our relationship with the customers have also been rotten” 713 Speaker 1

VCR-2: [722 (C) v 710 (R)]

2:04: First things first: C S1 starts off the round by discussing the sensitivity of bananas. A fruitful discussion follows.

2:17: C S1 points out lack of ‘best endeavours’ effort by lack of refrigeration and fluctuations in temperature. Questions of due diligence are raised.

2:21: C S1 points out the need for a higher degree of care required by their goods by precedent. They use it to say that the Respondent didn’t meet their part of monitoring given in the agreement.

2:30- C S2 run the bench through the complex timeline of the problem and talks about the delay on part of Respondent.

2:39- Time for prayers: C S2 prays to the tribunal to pass a favourable award when the judge questions the origins of the tribunal’s competence to apply justice, equity and good conscience.

2:42- Judge asks R S1 whether the Burden of Proof lies on the Claimant or Respondent. R S1 mentions it lies on the carriers through precedents and Rules.

2:47- R S1 takes a breathing minute to process as the judges point out her interpretation being the reverse of her contended authority.

2:52: Tailored to convenience: The Bench grills R S1 for using tailor-cut parts of different international rules for application to different submissions of their case. The convenience of the claimants is tipped off right at the beginning and are asked to chose one set of rules for their clients.

3:10: Who’s responsible?: The Bench corners the R S2 into asking whose responsibility arises to provide a seaworthy ship. Speaker evades and takes the discussion to containers.

3:11: Incompetence v. Negligence: R S2 differentiates between the two concepts and elucidates the accruing responsibilities.

3:15- Bench draws attention of the R S2 about the duty to notify and ‘greater’ obligations while seeking clarifications.

3:33- R claim that C stated partial facts by heavily relying on overruled case; one which was appealed to and awarded in favour of the Respondent’s submission.

This concludes the Round as the feedback session begins.

VCR-3: [708 (C) v 724 (R)]

2:18: Speaker 1 of 708 (C) begins with the facts of the case.

2:19: The fun begins! This bench is ready to pounce and already has!

2:21: Claimants to blame or not to blame? Speaker 1 goes into the engineering of the containers. Alas! He cannot go on for long, Judge intercedes and throws in factual questions.

2:23: We need to admit, Speaker 1 is pretty calm and is able to get back to his arguments despite having been detected by the Judges. Respondents busy scribbling on their notes.

2:25: 5 minutes left. Researcher using the facts to pass the blame to the Respondents. Takes a hit on the reports provided by the Respondents and how accurately he mentions. Speaker 1 seems to know his ship and the containers well.

2:27: Did we see a factual error? Judges definitely did. However, the Claimant does not hesitate to explain his arguments.

2:30: 2 minutes. Negation expression required in order to negate something in the Charter party. Claimant is making judges go through all the facts and reports with each point. Very calmly explaining the Arbitrators.

Judges seem satisfied! Speaker 2 moves on to next contention. Judges do not seem to be too scary now for Speaker 1. Handled well

2:31: Judge throws an obligation that Claimants have. Judge is keeping a poker face.

Another Judge asks explicitly "Do you admit to be at fault?"

Speaker takes a pause but confidently provides for case laws to save himself. Well played.

2:36: Speaker 2: She begins with pointing out more about how containers work.

Speaker 2 is very concerned about the temperature logs causing the bananas to become bad. She guides the judges very nicely to her compendium and case laws. She puts forth their facts and relates it to the facts at hand. Judges listen on keenly.

Speaker gets back to the bananas and the temperature shock. Session is filled with engineering and technical knowledge apart from just the laws.

2:43: Did we hear a stutter? Not anymore. The Speaker 2 lost her composure but she is back.

2:44: Judge: isn't it your responsibility too to have supplied the containers properly?

Speaker 2 going back to the bananas shows emotional attachment to them and passes the buck to the Respondents

Judge won't let her go though. Claimants can be at fault!

2:46: Speaker 2 might as well have got herself in a twist with not taking any admission of her fault in the container. "Why take it from me if you think it is not right?" Judges take a note of that argument.

Questions might be incoming.

2:49: Judges just won't let her go!

They are all down to discuss the containers. Speaker 2 is now in a twist.

1 minute left but it does not seem likely that her time is up. It is going to be a long 1 minute.

2:50: Extension to Speaker 2 granted. "Responsibility of your servant to give you the report". Claimants are running about for content!

Speaker 2 still shows confidence and tries to keep self together. Judges are still on the hunt and going through the case study, ready to rip them apart.

2:52: Speaker 2: "Due diligence of crew and sea worthiness go hand in hand". Respondents are at fault and they did not do what was agreed up. Speaker 2's confidence is back up and she is ready with cases and is going to finally get out of this without being charred.

2:55: 724 R (S1): "It takes two to tango" and that is how it works in an agreement also. Very nicely put!

Speaker 1 very confidently and calmly explains everything to the judges. Judges being direct to the Obligations of the Respondents. Speaker 1 is ready with all the weapons to tackle the battle with the Claimants.

The Battle of the Bananas keeps getting interesting

3:02: Respondents won't get relief from the Judges either. Judges grill them on their duty to take due care.

Respondent 1 answers calmly and moves onto the next issue putting the liability on the claimants.

3:06: if we were unsure about Respondents concerns over the Bananas, we are not anymore. Respondents stating it as "perishable" blames the containers of the Claimants.

3:07: Judges catch Speaker 1 on contractual question and the Speaker takes it and hits a run with utmost grace, but the match still does not seem to end, judge has seemed to catch hold of the argument and questions on whom the burden of proof lies.

The Respondent replies to them in confidence, maybe she did not get out after all.

3:10: Speaker 2 deals with the last issue.

"Will of the parties in the Charterparty should always be considered"

Respondents feel hurt by the blames being passed on them by the Claimants.

3:13: Speaker 2 is as calm as ever. He makes the judge pay heed on the survey reports.

Judges are back on the grilling board asking him again to respond on his obligation towards the Claimants. This show does not seem to get over.

3:15: Respondent is not in a fit. Unable to reply on the question of hire, he requests to move on.

Meanwhile, Claimants - as vigilant as ever - ready themselves for rebuttals.

3:20: Respondent 2 goes on to concluding his arguments. Judges ask him if he wants to limit his liability under any other law, getting a negative answer by him, the Judges ask him to move on.

Judges additionally ask him about the Crew. Respondent seems in a tussle. The Judges seem to have had them.

3:24: Judge asks him a factual question, but Speaker 2 seems to be nervous and unable to answer. The Researcher tries to assist and the Speaker subtly tries to get back on track. Judges however, have taken notice of the nervousness.

3:27: Rebuttals [Claimants]:

Respondent did not monitor our cargo; cases presented towards the same.

Claimants are not a party to mess with. They are breaking open the arguments of the Respondents in full force with full throttle.

Respondents race to get their arguments together

3:29: Sur-Rebuttals [Respondent]

Respondents won't have any of it. And are throwing factual arguments to prove their cause. They also save themselves by bringing up the contracts and the issue of due diligence. Ending the arguments with confidence

3:30: Rounds end. Judges get ready for feedback

VCR-4: [715 (C) v 707 (R)]

2:17: Session 2 of day 1 starts. The judges have heard the first round of submissions and are now even more clear with the minute details of the fact sheet.

2:23: The counsel begins with pointing out facts favourable and summarises the moot problem at length.

2:28: The arbitrators are asking the participants not to throw arguments in the air, but to substantiate their interpretation with case laws or statutory provisions.

2:31: The judges are leaving no scope for misinterpretations and are asking the speaker to iterate the facts of the case cited. The speaker steadies herself, and subsequently, elaborates the specifics of the case law cited.

2:37: Speaker 1 was well read and escaped the risk of not knowing the case law cited. Judges were content and did not intervene or disrupt the speaker by throwing queries.

2:39: Speaker 2 begins and picks up right from where the first speaker left.

2:42: The tribunal asked for more specific clauses and not a general clause to support the claimants argument. The speaker took his time, a moment of silence pursues, memorandum is flipped, fact sheet glanced at again. At last, the speaker was able to point out specific clauses and which one shall supersede the other. The arbitrators seemed to have agreed. Though, the speaker looks completely off track and is visibly shaken by the questions.

Another hot bench here, they took their time to get going.

2:46: The grilling continues and the counsel ends up contradicting his own stand as per the judges. The much arguable " counsel pleads ignorance" phrase is used.

2:48: However, it fails to give the desired result for the counsel, he is short on words, and is completely taken aback by the tribunal.

2:54: An off day, the speaker looks dejected.

Respondents begin with caution and are evidently nervous. Can't really say that they shouldn't be so, courtesy the tribunal.

2:59: A very pertinent point raised by the arbitrator, before the speaker could get into his structure of arguments, he was stopped and asked if he agrees with the narration of facts as made by the Claimants. He hurries and says "yes". The arbitrator takes note and nods. A mistake has been made by the respondent.

Another one goes down.

3:03: Speaker 1 from the respondent "pleads ignorance".

3:04: The same course of action follows. Judges continue bombarding the speaker with specific questions which cannot be answered by beating around the bush. The counsel commendably keeps his calm and finishes strongly.

3:10: Speaker 2 begins and is confident and clear with his speech. The Arbitrator asked for general practice in the shipping industry. Surprisingly, the counsel was unaware of that. Nonetheless he continues and continues well.

3:14: A distinction is sought by the tribunal on clauses binding and clauses merely substantive in nature.

3:17: The wrath of the tribunal takes in another victim, speaker 2 from the respondents side looked stable and well read, however he too "pleads ignorance".

3:20: To his credit, he too, like his co-counsel, steadies himself and delivers his submissions without panicking.

3:28: A good listener never misses a beat. Claimants point out a particular statement made by the respondents and back their case based on that. Logical and well-structured arguments are used.

Rebuttals put to good use.

3:34: The same can't be said for the respondents.

21st AUGUST 2020




VCR-1: [709 (C) v 723 (R)]

10:05: It’s the second day of the preliminary rounds. The participants and Judges of VCR 1 are fresh and ready for the session.

The Speaker 1 from the Claimants side starts. He is poised and very swiftly presents the facts of the case to the Judges.

10:11: As expected, the judges start grilling the speaker. The Speaker seems to have a well structured content and therefore even after being interrupted by the judges, he maintains his flow and doesn’t let anxiety ruin his composure.

10:14: Seems like the judge and the speaker are stuck in a never ending debate on the maintenance of the temperature log. The speaker struggles to satisfy the judge on this question, but it doesn’t look like it’s going to be easy.

“Before proceeding on this, the counsel would like to state that time hasn’t been a good friend to the counsel, and therefore the counsel would seek a 2 minute extension.” When has it ever?

10:25: The time is up, yet the Speaker hasn’t been able to answer the Judges’ question. To quote the Judge, “I know, it’s a very technical question, and I won’t mark you according to that”.

10:30: Finally, the judges leave the Speaker 1 and give the floor to the Speaker 2 to argue his issues!

10:39- Silence in the Courtroom.. apparently the Claimants' side say something on the communication issue that brings a smile on the Respondents’ face and lines on the foreheads of the Claimants. On being further questioned on it, the Speaker goes numb for a moment and then collects himself!

10:49- The speaker is very hassled and it’s clearly visible how nervous he is due to the constant grilling

Judge- “Wait, wait Counsel, please take a breath and calm down. Go on..”

10:52- The Claimant side, done and dusted with their submissions, now hand over the podium to the Respondents. Speaker 1 starts, all confident!

11:01- “Don’t put words in my mouth, Counsel. Just refer me to the facts”

This statement baffles the speaker. She did not see this coming, neither did we!

11:05- The speaker seems confused, and fumbles.

Judge- “Counsel, I advise you to take a moment to structure your thoughts.”

Good advice!

11:15- The judges have a good laugh as they see the Speaker fall in one of their traps and states something contradictory to what they stand for.. The claimants are amused, so are we!

11:27- After numerous extensions, the Speaker 1 finally gets a break and the Speaker 2 takes the charge to continue defending their case! He begins swiftly.. but within a minute, he’s interrupted. He did see this coming, for sure.

11:45- Seems a never ending round. Speaker 2 and the judge get into a debate on the issue of letter of protest.. The judge is not satisfied, but the Speaker is not ready to give up! He is very confident and is not letting all the grilling get to him!

VCR-2: [726 (C) v 712 (R)]

11:04- Not doing enough: C S1 expresses worry about the lack of the owners to meet responsibility to do “everything possible”.

11:08- No beating around the bush: Judges ask C S1 to clarify “You say the apparatus wasn’t right to make the vessel seaworthy, but what was the fault?

11:14: Too long: C S2 expresses his concerns over the “100 hour delay” and no immediate action.

11:18: C S2 wraps up the case quickly and confidently with 4 minutes left on the clock. The prayer is placed on record with oral recitation and the baton is passed to the Respondent.

11:27: Judges raise eyebrows and ask the R S1 “How are you asking the entire onus of the malfunction to fall on the charterers?”

11:42: Confident counsels: R S2 declares while wrapping up his first argument “So, as the first part of my argument is submitted and conclusively proved” passing a positive self-assessment.

VCR-3: [716 (C) v 718 (R)]

10:05: 716 (C) - Speaker 1:

A very calm and composed start from the Speaker 1. Respondents calmly look on.

Due diligence seems to never get old in this competition. Speaker begins explaining the same and behold! Judge has caught her.

10:07: Speaker 1 goes to answer the technicalities. You think it's over, but it's not. Judge has a second question, "Yes or no? Justify". Speaker 1is responding. Do I see a smirk from the judges?

10:08: Speaker 1 goes on to explain their losses and pains. Cases are cited. Respondents seem to be polishing their weaponry in full throttle. The judges seem to have had a good breakfast! So much energy. 10 minutes in and the questioning streak just keeps going!

10:09: Judges trying to deter and making Speaker 1 question herself. We sense some nervousness but she still tries to keep her tone calm.

10:10: The heat is writing. We are sweating! Baton of questioning is being passed around between the judges and our Speaker 1 is caught between them.

10:12: 2 minutes left and Speaker 1 does not seem to catch a break! The Judges have done their preparation and they will not hesitate to throw the ball out of the park.

10:13: "Counsel, do you know about Maritime Operations? Yes or No?"

A mini teaching session ensues till the judge realises the paucity of time.

Speaker 1 gets back to her submissions. She has been a good warrior being able to tackle the blows in the best way she can and moves forward.

10:15: Speaker 1 gets 20 seconds to wrap up her arguments. Nervousness seems to be apparent in her. Parties and Judges look on.

10:16: Speaker 2 comes into the playground. The Judges are ready.

She does not seem to be detected by the Judges and goes on with her submissions with full confidence.

10:18: Judge is very interested in talking about Maritime Operations. There seems to be a crash course on Maritime Industry. However, the Speaker 2 will not have any of the deterrence. She gets back to seeking Banana justice. But judges will not have any of it. 20 seconds in, the new teacher is on the block.

10:21: We must say, the Speaker 2 is determined to get justice. She puts forth all her arguments and also gives additional explanations on them swiftly and efficiently. Judges listen on in silence, but for how long? We sit tight and wait.

"One wrong action could affect the entire bananas". Never thought Bananas to be such attention seeking fruit.

Judges ask for clarification and apparently seem to have heard a joke to make them chuckle. Intimidating much? Not for our Speaker 2. She will not get swayed by the mind games.

10:24 Judge sighs. He will not let go of the containers.

"Don't try to beat around the bush. Give me a straight answer."

He wants his containers and he shall have it.

10:27: Speaker 2 is trying to keep her cool, but the judges and their love for containers - and possibly the Bananas! - won't let her get away from the blunder the Claimants did with their containers per the Case Study. They want their fruit and they know whom to blame for their fiber not being on their breakfast table.

10:28: Judge 1: "You are just falling into your own trap... Who is to be blamed?"

Judge 2: "Your argument does not help your case"

The Judges seem to be sharing a telepathic joke and chuckling. We wonder what they are thinking.

10:30: That was very interesting to watch. Respondents watch out!

10:30: 718 (R) Speaker 1: He goes on to putting forward his issues and moves on to the jurisdiction. Judge counters and seeks clarification. Speaker did not see it coming but he gave a confident answer. But the Judge seems to seek to have more fun!

10:35: Speaker fumbles but gets back to his submissions.

10:37: One of our Respected Judges seem to be remembering or observing a joke. We wonder what it is?

"Why did you come to the Tribunal?" Oh, we now know the joke was thinking.

Speaker 1 fumbles but is going on hitting his bat. "Is the Arbitrator satisfied?"

Judge: "No, but go ahead"

10:40: The Speaker 2 cited; our Arbitrator's buddy.

Our Judge will now be taking this matter personally and will be ready to defend his buddy's statement.

10:45: the seas are calm now. And our sailor, Speaker 2, is back on sailing in a calm manner. His time comes to an end and he rushes to row his boat to the shore. One thing we can say: This Bench means business and will have none of it by both the parties. They are the true defenders of the bananas and will make it their mission to ensure they get the wrong corrected. Their breakfast is on the line!

10:47: Speaker 2 comes to the playing field. "Council shall proceed with the arguments." Judge: "I have a query" Where is the argument! The grilling tsunami keeps on coming and just taking arguments away!

10:52: less than 10 minutes left, Speaker 2 speaks about the survey reports and explains his limit of liability.

Claimants are preparing to shatter the Respondents. We will see how that goes.

10:57: 3 minutes left and Speaker 2 goes on to discuss seaworthiness and due diligence. Finally!

Judges seem to be more calmer than before. They let the Speaker proceed. Speaker uses this opportunity and regains his confidence and goes on to explain everything impeccably. But we need to watch out. Judges seem to have spotted something

10:59: And they did!

The Speaker is on his A game now and answered their question spot on

11:01: 20 seconds given to the Speaker to wrap up his arguments. He does so nicely.

Judges seem to again be having some telepathic joke going on. They seem amply satisfied. By the joke or the rounds? Only the Judges know.


11:04: Speaker 1 of the Claimants sums up their arguments and state having them refraining from a certain law

Sur- Rebuttal

11:06: Respondents argue the opposite making the Claimants rather agitated.

Respondents also state Claimants to be at fault because of no reasonable time given.

Rounds end. Judges sent to the Breakout room for scoring.

VCR-4: [706 (C) v 704 (R)]

10:05: The claimants were asked whether there is a jurisdiction issue or not. Speaker 1 said yes that there is but she will be dealing with it in the rebuttals.

The judge said "give me one good reason why we should listen to your submissions, when you haven't yet established your jurisdiction yet".

An explanation for jurisdiction followed.

10:13: Arguments are well structured , the claimants are relying on basic terms such as "due diligence and reasonableness," and swiftly proceed with backing the explanation of each term with a case law.

10:14: Speaker 1 looks very composed and is clear with her content.

10:16: However, the arbitrators were quick to point out a discrepancy in the case law cited in the given factual scenario at hand.

Claimant sharply twists the fact into her favour, the arbitrators do realise this, but they seem to have liked the innovation.

10:19: Speaker 1 continues her composed delivery of arguments and is crystal clear on the fact sheet and their links with the arbitration clauses.

10:23: Cold bench or a fantastic speaker, either one of it could be the case. It pretty much looks like that this round was a blend of both.

10:25: Speaker 2 has the liberty of a beautiful stage set for him by his co-speaker and looks to take advantage of it. He immediately proceeds with his submissions and is quick to point out relevant abstracts from the fact sheet.

10:29: The counsel, however, jumped the gun and said that "all the prerequisites for this mechanism have been dealt with". This statement didn't go well with the tribunal and a question was asked that "in a dispute resolution mechanism are you aware of the modalities that need to be taken care of ?"

To this the counsel hurried and hassled, quoted a few obligations, however, couldn't satisfy the tribunal.

A pretty heavy statement made by the counsel doesn't end up well.

10:36: Any thoughts of this bench being a cold have waived away.

The counsel was bombarded with questions, he answered a few, skipped a few, and lastly resorted to the excuse that he's having a network issue and "can't hear the honourable tribunal clearly". One may say a smart move given the circumstances. What followed will significantly change the idea floated in the previous statement.

One of the arbitrator said and I quote "tough times call for tough measures, now answer me"

10:37: The internet connectivity was normal, voice clear, disturbances very few, and questions answered. The speaker 2 did answer the call.

10:41: "all the prerequisites needed for this dispute resolution mechanism have been dealt with"

10:46: Speaker 1 from the Respondents side looks calm and composed, and begins with a blunder.

Yes, a blunder, the tribunal asked him whether he would like to argue the issue that the claimants have no jurisdiction. To which he responded yes the claimants have.

10:47: The arbitrators asked, then why did you raise this issue in your written submissions. The speaker panicked and said he "concedes the issue of jurisdiction".

10:48: The tribunal is visibly displeased with the aforementioned statement, and says "if you are conceding and contradicting your own statement what credibility do you have ?"

10:50: 8 minutes into his speech the speaker cannot find his feet. The grilling from the tribunal is relentless.

10:56: The tribunal lets the speaker catch his breath, two good arguments have been forwarded, but he's really short on time.

10:58: Time's up. The speaker would be relieved for the moment. Deep contemplation will follow soon.

11:04: Speaker 2 is confident, for now, he seems to have ignored the first speaker's hardships.

11:05: He looks to steady the ship, slowly and gradually he catches wind in his sail.

11:09: He looks to establish his case and is simultaneously minimising the strength of the claimants case . He says, that the authority of an interpretation in a case law by a judicial body will supersede a definition provided in a legal authority.

11:11: The tribunal asks him to provide an authority wherein the same has been stated. To which, the respondent seeked permission to proceed with other submissions.

11:15: The tribunal is having none of the assertions made by the speaker on the notice sent. Making the speaker reiterate his own submissions, the arbitrator points out flaws and does not mince words when saying that "your arguments fall flat".

11:18: The rebuttals begin.

11:20: The claimants were excellent in referencing to the fact sheet for pointing out fallacies in the respondents submissions. The judges seemed impressed.

11:22: Sur-rebuttals begin

11:25: The respondents too, like the claimants made good use of the opportunity and confidently denied the rebuttals through the fact sheet and pointed out one particular fact which the claimants had totally missed.

With this end round ends.

11:38- The R S2 clarifies that the correspondence was only with regards to settlement of dispute in next 15 days and takes the tribunal through the timeline of the dispute.


VCR-1: [725 (C) v 713 (R)]

2:04: After a refreshing lunch break, the judges and the participants are rejuvenated and ready to conquer!

The Speaker 1 from the claimants side starts. She’s quick, but fluent and clear. Let’s see for how long she can maintain this flow.

2:10- Alas! The flow breaks. It’s not the grilling but the internet connection. While she fixes it, Speaker 2 takes the charge and presents her arguments. We hope nothing disturbs her flow, except of course the judges!

2:16: Seems like speed is one of the things that the Claimant team is really into. It’s like they have their minds made up that they’ll not compromise the speed in their speech! But the good thing is despite the speed, the fluency is maintained throughout.

2:20: The debate on the obligations of the owner regarding sea worthiness continues.... and not to forget, the due diligence debate.

2:41: The Speaker 2 ends her submissions on a satisfactory note! The judges now shift their attention to Speaker 1, who is back and has hopefully fixed the internet connection. She is relatively slow in her speech and presents her arguments well.

14:57: Best endeavour.. These words seem really simple to interpret and understand, but not according to the Judge as well as the claimant.. The debate on interpretation has been going on for 5 minutes and still continuing..

Will we finally conclude on this? Stay tuned!

15:04: We don’t think that we reached a conclusion on interpretation, but owing to the time constraints, we have to move on.

The baton is now in the hands of the respondents! The speaker one steps up and starts her submission. She has a pleasing, slow and a fluent voice. Let’s see if the Respondents are able to defend the allegations put forward by the Claimants.

3:20: The most impressive quality of Speaker 1 has to be her patience. She carefully listens to all the questions the Judges have to ask instead of jumping to answers abruptly. She is really articulate. She seems to have a good throw of voice and has a well structured content.

3:22: The Speaker 1 ends her submissions and invites her Co-Counsel to present the arguments on the economic aspects of the issues. He is compendious and crisp in his submissions.

3:25: We’re able to hear a lot of formulas and numbers in his submissions, considering that he is dealing with the economic aspects. He, through his calculations, holds that the amount of claim of the claimants is unjustified and invalid.

3:39: The Speaker 2 was questioned on the relevance of a new issue they added. He took his time and explained the relevance. Did the judges buy it? Let’s hope they did.

With this, he concludes his submission and leaves the floor for rebuttals!

VCR-2: [717 (C) v 722 (R)]

2:12: Fastrack: Claimant S1 proceeds the oral submission by initiating a 5-point fact background, only to be asked to directly proceed to the arguments.

2:21: Judges seek answers with regards to the Claimant’s relationship with the crew. In a heated courtroom, C S1 manages to slip out from the tight clutches by greasing with a certain clause on Respondent’s liability.

2:34: Across multiple questions and raised eyebrows, C S2 fervently maintained that the containers had no inherent defect and the erratic temperature control damaged the cargo.

2:40: The judges seek answers as to the kind of claim the Claimants are seeking. After giving it some thought, the C S2 requests a claim for indemnity.

2:47: R S1 starts off by placing reliance on the facts and pointing out specifically the clarifications issued to the case study to pierce the case of the Claimant.

2:51: 6 minutes into the respondent’s oral submission, the R S1 has left the tribunal flipping through documents.

3:01: After battling through her fair share of internet connectivity issues, R S1 remains calm and poised as she rejoins the session and is surrounded by questions immediately.

3:03: The judges ask the Respondents of what nature their duty is- out of common law or contractual? The Respondents discuss this from the perspective of Bill of Lading, Charter Party and common law.

3:06: Back to Basics: Judges grill R S1 on their basic knowledge of common law of contracts. The simplest concepts are revisited in court to see whether they applied to the Respondent as a subcontractor.

3:18: A thorough discussion on the Bill of Lading proceeds. R S2 tries to shift the burden to the carriers, the claimants.

After the round of rebuttals, the round ends and judges go into caucus.

VCR-3: [702 (C) v 708 (R)]

2:08: Speaker 1 begins with the facts of the case. Judges and participants listen on.

2:11: Judge: "I think I lost Speaker 1, ya phir mera internet kharab hai?"

2:13: Speaker 1 after the responding moves on but Judge 2 has more questions. Judges question the Claimant on facts and also on the number of Arbitrators and their validity.

Speaker 1 answering in a calm manner moves onto the next issue.

2:16 Judge interrupts and tests the Speaker's confidence. Speaker does not deter. Good job Speaker 1!

2:19: Judges seem to be going easy. But don't judge a book by it's cover. Factual questions are making the Speaker 1 go off course. However, she gets back on track immediately and goes on to explaining her facts.

2:23: Speaker 1 finishes her argument in her last 1 minute. Judges are silent, but silence is golden and Claimants should watch out for how that turns out for them.

2:26: Speaker 2 takes over the reign in full confidence. She picks up her bazooka filled with blames and is about to fire at the Respondents that Judges interrupt her with a legal question.

2:28: Claimants all over the VCRs are showing concern over the Bananas and our Claimant is no different. She is concerned about the maintenance of the reefer by the Respondents because poor Bananas will be deteriorated.

2:30: Speaker cites a case law but Judge is not cutting her any slack. She has to explain them the facts and how it is reasonable for her to cite the said case. Judges accept, Speaker 2 sails forward.

Meanwhile, the Respondents are busy turning pages. Has the Claimants caught them where it is to hurt? Let's find out.

2:35: Speaker goes on calmly dealing with every question thrown her way. Judges listen on, Respondents are still running around writing and sharing information. Should they watch out?

2:38: 1 minute left, Speaker 2 is rushing to finish her arguments, however the judge interrupts her questioning her on seaworthiness. Speaker 2 is rushing through her compendiums and documents. Seems like everyone in the room is in a twist. Judges meanwhile chill.

2:41: One of the Judges asks for a refresher and goes away. We now look at a wall of books. And people looking down at their notes.

2:42: still look at wall of books

2:43: Judge is back.

Speaker 1 of the Respondents comes up.

708 (R)

2:44: Speaker 1 goes on to talk about limitations of its liability.

2:46: Judges seem to have had a heavy lunch making us jealous.

2:51: Very curious case of Survey Reports are being discussed. Speaker 1 has got people turning pages but Judges seem to be too full with lunch to question anything. We feel a chill passing the courtroom. Brrrr. The case of a Cold Bench.

Boon or a Bane? Only the Judges can decide.

2:57: Speaker 2 takes over.

2:58: Speaker gives a confident introduction of her arguments and moves onto her arguments in detail with utmost fervor.

3:04: Speaker 2 moves onto her last issue without any questions thrown at her.

One needs a blanket to sit through this session, for it is cold!

3:05: FINALLY a question from the judges on correspondence. Speaker 2 replies in confidence. Judge seeks clarification.

Are the judges hinting the Speaker 2 to contest something? Speaker goes back to her previous answer and explains the same to the Bench.

Speaker 2 knows her bananas. Her botany is very accurate as she talks about the bananas, it's type and the damage.

This Session is a crash course for botany as well.

3:11: Speaker wraps up her arguments. Rebuttals begin.


3:15: Claimants S2: Claimants are angry! The stance of the speaker makes us want to shift back a little. She is ready to pounce in full force! She feels for her bananas, she wants justice for her bananas and she will make it her life's mission to win for the bananas.

3:17: Sur-Rebuttal

Respondents S1: unseaworthiness is on Claimants' part as their containers were in bad shape and survey report is the evidence. There is no question of indemnity.

3:20: Rounds end. Judges Caucus begins

VCR-4: [711 (C) v 715 (R)]

2:00: Day 2 Session 4 kicks off !

2:01: The speaker 1 from the claimant sides followed the traditional model and asked if the judges needed a briefing with regards to the facts of the case.

2:02: The members of the tribunal have been here for a while now, and ask the counsel to proceed straightaway with her submissions.

2:04: A pertinent point made. Counsel wastes no time and makes the tribunal note that the respondent side in their written submission have not made any objection to the jurisdiction of this tribunal, and proceeds further.

2:13: Fundamentals definitely come in handy, however, when they may be put to test is a bit uncertain. In the instant hearing, the counsel is asked to elaborate on the very basic terms and what all elements constitute the term.

2:14: An "in arguendo" submission goes wrong. The arbitrators are looking to make the claimant concede, but she is poised enough, and dodges swiftly.

2:18: What do the basic mooting principles (if any) reiterate, read your facts. Read you facts again and read them in entirety. [note- bold by the co host]

2:23: Speaker 2 starts, the first impression is that he's a bit shaky. How the rest of the round spans out will be known soon.

2:25: He's stammering. However, facts and case laws are in abundance in his speech.

2:28: The judges sense the lack of confidence and pounce.

2:30: A set of questions are thrown the speaker ignores them and continues with his submissions. This didn't go down well with the tribunal and the question was repeated, the counsel was stopped and told to answer the question.

2:32: The counsel fell in the question-cum-trap and contradictions to his claim and the facts as given in the fact sheet was pointed out.

2:36: A strong finish ! A flurry of facts, clauses, and case laws the judges seemed content, however, the speech was too quick for the liking and a few words were eaten up by the speaker.

2:43: Continuing her strong start she points out a discrepancy in the claims made by the respondents in their memorial and those worded out in front of the tribunal.

Judges seemed impressed.

2:49: A free flowing and well-structured speech continues.

2:51: The tribunal attempts to thwart the flow by raising pinpointed queries and look to unsettle the so far fantastic counsel.

2:56: Specific answers and clauses follow. Every material on record was perused by the speaker be it the memorandum, clarification, arbitration rules, or the fact sheet.

2:57: The judges happily grant an extension for a minute, seems like they too were impressed by the first counsel for the respondents.

2:58: An excellent speech comes to an end.

Speaker 2 takes over the reigns.

3:03: Judges seem content and speaker 2 conveniently makes his submissions. It has to be said that he's reaping the benefits of the fantastic first speaker.

3:06: A loose word in such a proceeding can cause you a lot of trouble.

3:07: Speaker 2 realized the same, after he said that the information provided by the claimants in their communication was "not good enough"

3:10: The tribunal grilled the speaker and asked him to be cautious with his choice of words.

A "good enough" speech comes to an end.

3:11: Rebuttals begin.

3:13: The claimants did take note of the judges advice and in the opening statement pointed out an instance wherein the respondents provided an incomplete fact, which as per him was done to mislead the arbitrators. Pont well received by the judges.

3:14: Sur-rebuttals begin.

3:16: The respondents clear their stance and apologise for any miscommunication.

A superiority is sought to be established of standard form of contract over the arbitration clauses.


VCR-1: [719 (C) v 709 (R)]

6:02: The round begins. The Speaker 1 from the claimants starts with her submissions. She is barely just done with the introduction and greetings, that she is put off track as the Judge questions her on the jurisdiction. She clearly did not see this coming, neither did we. She fumbles, and struggles hard to get on track. However, she’s not able to satisfy the judges on the same.

6:10- The speaker still seems to be caught off-guard by all this. Kudos to her efforts to collect herself but the judges aren’t able to grasp much. She tries to condense her arguments, but the grilling isn’t helping.

6:18- The malfunction debate starts.. this might take some time!

6:19- The speaker is asked to sum up her arguments within a minute, which she does.

It’s now turn for Speaker 2 to continue the arguments. He seems to be under a little pressure, and therefore fumbles a bit during the introductions, but he’s good to go!

6:24: Judge Ahana Sikdar questions the speaker on the maintenance of the log book. The speaker is able to answer and satisfy her!

6:28: Speaker 2 satisfactorily concludes the second issue without any follow up questions asked. He happily moves on with the third. Sigh of relief.

6:35: While it appeared that the judges were satisfied, as the speaker went uninterrupted for quite a few minutes, he was startled when the judge asked him to explain the issue of Clause 16 of Charter Party, about which he had been speaking on for the last 5 mins.

Speaker- “As far as I’m aware.......” Judge- “I don’t want to know what you’re aware of, I want to know if you have something!”


6:41: The claimants are done with their submissions. It’s now time for the respondents to defend themselves, one last time for the date. The Speaker 1 steps up, very confidently and respectfully, to make his submissions.

6:46: The speaker seems to be on a roll here, going on with negligible grilling.

How long can he go on? Any bets?

Judge Ahana Sikdar, “The word is not ‘Uncontractual”, it is ‘Non-Contractual.”

6:53- The Speaker 1 wraps up his submissions, with the help of a two minute extension. He seems to have impressed the judges. It’s now time for Speaker 2 to maintain the bar set by his Co-Counsel!

7:10: The judges throw questions at the speaker, and he knocks them off with his clear cut answers! An extension of 2 minutes to wrap his arguments up!

7:19: The respondents reiterate their prayer and impressively finish the rounds. It’s now time to shoot rebuttals!

VCR-2: [710 (C) v 726 (R)]

6:19: As C S1 kicks in after a host of internet issues, judges ask the speaker to proceed with the facts. The judge questions regarding the claim and it is evident that the judges are particular about a structured discussion.

6:23: The judge puts C S1 in a tight spot by asking at their initial assumption and by seeking clarity on the facts mentioned as they try to seek further answers from the participants.

6:28: Piping hot bench - Arbitrators ask different questions to test the waters of basic assumptions of the C S1. “Where do you derive the obligation of notification from?” The speaker borrows time from her co-counsel’s time before the Tribunal and defends her case.

6:30: Clock’s ticking- C S1 concludes with a struggle against time to sum up the issue. Time and arbitrators really wait for none!

6:34: SOS - C S2 addresses the ways in which Respondents could’ve acted- sent spare parts or instructed the crew. The Arbitrator asks the viability of these acts in transit.

6:29: “Uncargoworthiness”- New dictionaries are written as tongues of counsels twists in a time-tight oral round. The pressure is showing.

6:38: Arbitrator Osama asks a question related to the facts and leaves the C S2 speechless trying to establish this as a fact. The hot Bench doesn’t let anything slip!

6:40: Navigation maps- The Bench seeks for reference of facts on specific page numbers from C S2 to agree to asserted facts.

6:42: “The owner doesn’t care about the cargo, they only care about one thing- the vessel!” The Arbitrators narrow down the interests of the owners acutely and C S2’s pace picks up to quickly fill in all doubts.

6:44: This or That: C S2 presses that the Reports are incomplete as they don’t contain rise in temperature across dates. “Please refer to the Temperature laws.” repeats the C S2.

6:45: Logic in law is being discussed as the debates continue with C S2. When all other tactics fail, logic resuscitates!

6:48: Bullet train- C S2 rushes through the submissions breathless by the tough questions and lack of time.

6:49: “Do you think it’s humanly possible to take care of 250 containers in a vessel everyday?” Arbitrator Osama battles logic with logic head on. Iron cuts iron, after all!

7:03: Nuke attack- Arbitrators pose the simplest yet most troubling question to R S1, with The Speaker hesitates before saying yes.

7:04: Dusting hands- “The mere fact that we used all our capacity..” says the R S2 while shirking their responsibility for gross negligence.

7:07: Knifing- The Arbitrators ask the R S1 as to what changed in 10 minutes of the submission that they went from accepting to denying a fact? “I can’t answer that.”, smiles R S1. What secrets are they keeping?

7:11: One minute into the speech, the R S2 is asked by the Arbitrator “Show me where it is.” “Answer the question right now, however long it takes.”and the counsel is asked a very pressing question. The counsel stutters and goes around in circles. This maze is spiralling him down.

7:13: Gentlemen’s Club: Judge Osama questions the R S2’s reliance on the facts by pointing out a specific issue. The exclusivity of application to parties is leaving the R on the sidelines! Will they be let in? Only time and arbitrators will tell.

7:16: “But where is it inserted?”

The R S2 directs the Bench to the relevant submission.

“Okay, you may go on.”

The R S2 finally takes a sigh of relief!

7:21: Medium Rare - The faces of all Speakers stand testimony to the grilling in the furnace of the courtroom.

7:24: Colour inside the lines- The Arbitrators lay down their strict rules for the teams to address their rebuttals. The teams are taken aback but wing it, nonetheless.

7:25: Blame Game- Claimants rebut the case of the Respondents saying they mistook the question of jurisdiction. “My learned friends were confused and were misleading the court. They are claiming something they aren’t aware of.”

7:28: “We needed notification, we needed immediate notification” The R aren’t letting go of their primary interest even in sur-rebuttals!

VCR-3: [724 (C) v 716 (R)]

6:08: 724 (C) - Speaker 1: With utmost confidence and calm, the Speaker explains the facts within two minutes, and moves onto jurisdiction.

6:09: "It takes two to tango". Classic Speaker 1. She moves on to stating Respondents did not fulfill their part of the contract. Respondents calmly look on.

6:10: Judge Prahalad questions the contractual obligations and the Speaker with full awareness and agility goes on to explain and directs the judge to the case study. Judges take note.

6:12: For seaworthiness, having machinery is not an obligation, obligation is also for it to work.

The Speaker will not take any negligence from the Respondents and directs concern of negligence on their part.

6:16: Judge Prahalad Bhat is all in on questioning Speaker 1 but she keeps her calm and merely replies to him and justifies her answers.

6:18: Judge Kriti Ranjan asks the Speaker about the time and distance between the two destinations. Now this has got the Council in a twist! But wait, has it? Seems not because she is back and explaining doctrines with full force.

6:20: Speaker 1 seems to have lost connection, but we can hear her. Some confusion but we are back on track.

6:28: Speaker is very calm and slow in explaining all his submissions.

He moves onto a new issue and Judge Prahalad Bhat is ever present and questions him on contractual and tort law.

Respondents are busy communicating and gathering arguments.

6:41: 716 (R)

Speaker 1: She very confidently and clear manner lays down all their issues.

Judge Prahalad Bhat is the voice of the Bench going right to business.

He questions the Council on case laws cited and compares the same with the facts at hand and the allegations against the Respondents.

6:44: "Owners do not have duty apart from taking superficial care if the goods".

"Cargo had inherent perishable quality".

Poor fruit is stuck in a tennis game between both the parties.

We feel deeply for the fruit.

6:46: Speaker 1 is in control. 2 minutes left, she very calmly concludes: "If it works, quacks, acts, talks like a duck, I will prefer to call it a duck." And this is how Respondents hit the ball back to the Claimants court! We are looking forward to the rebuttals

6:49: Speaker 2 takes over. She is as confident as ever and with apt pauses explains the her arguments

6:52: Speaker fumbles but is calmly answering questions of the judges deeply against the fruit

6:56: Speaker's arguments seem undisputed by the Judges. The Respondents however, think otherwise. They are busy getting their arguments ready. They can't losse against a fruit!


6:59: Claimants are back on the stage! They hit right on the ship. Ship never thought to have it's credibility questioned because of the Bananas getting rotten. But seaworthiness as an argument does not seem to get old

Sur Rebuttal

7:01: Respondents won't have it. They are going to save their ship. Literally and figuratively. Speaker 2 very softly passes the buck back to the containers of the Claimants. It's Bananas v Ship now. Let's see who ends up winning

7:08: Round ends. Judges’ Caucus begins.

VCR-4: [707(C) v 706 (R)]

6:05: The final session for the preliminary stages begins.

Session 5 Day 2 between teams 707 C v 706 R.

6:08: Facts are the first and foremost in a moot court competition, to be used to tilt a case in your favour.

Speaker 1 from the claimants side keeps this thing in mind and asks the Tribunal to narrate the facts of the problem.

The Tribunal obliges and asks hi